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This is a research project. Video uploads are restricted to veterinary neurology specialist. If you have a dog with epilepsy, the best way to get help is to see your local veterinarian and if possible be referred to a Veterinary neurology specialist
If you are a Veterinary Neurology specialist and would like to register to contribute, please follow this link. After your profile is validated you can start uploading videos.
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The video should be priory uploaded on you tube, you can then copy the ULR on the form when requested.
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Current clasification, description and definition proposal
The Commission on Classification and Terminology of the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) periodically updates the seizures and epilepsy classification. Veterinary publications based on terminology and classification of seizures have generally adapted the basis of ILAE classifications to fit small animal patients (Berendt 1999). In 2014, a group of Veterinary Neurology Specialists and Non-specialists founded the International Veterinary Epilepsy Task Force (IVETF). IVETF reflected new thoughts from the human ILAE, but also considered well accepted veterinary terminology and practice. These consensus statements should be seen as the beginning rather than the end of this process.
Generalized epileptic seizures Generalized epileptic seizures are characteried by bilateral involvement (both sides of body and therefore both cerebral hemispheres involved). Generalized epileptic seizures may occur alone or evolve from a focal epileptic seizure start. In dogs and cats generalized epileptic seizures predominantly present as tonic, clonic or tonic-clonic epileptic seizures. As a rule the animal will loseconsciousness during convulsive epileptic seizures (myoclonic seizures excluded). Salivation, urination and/or defecation furthermore often also occur (myoclonicseizures excluded)
EPILEPSY TYPES DEFINED BY AETIOLOGY:
Unknown cause: A suspected symtomatic cause, which however remains obscure. Known before as Cryptogenic epilepsy This term was used by The Commission on Classification and terminology in 1989 for designating “probably symptomatic” epilepsies.
Prodome: A pre-ictal phenomenon. A subjective or objective clinical alteration that heralds the onset of an epileptic seizure but does not form part of it. Prodrome is a long lasting event (hours to days) and should not be confused with focal onset seizure signs which are very brief events (seconds to minutes).
Status epilepticus: An epileptic seizure which shows no clinical signs of arresting after a duration encompassing the great majority of seizures of that type in most patients or recurrent epileptic seizures without resumption of baseline central nervous system function interictally. Status epilepticus can be defined clinically as (a) greater than 5 min of continuous epileptic seizures or (b) two or more discrete epileptic seizures between which there is incomplete recovery of consciousness (for generalized convulsive seizures).
Cluster: Incidence of epileptic seizures within a given period (usually one or a few days) which exceeds the average of incidence over a longer period for the patient. Cluster seizures can be defined clinically as two or more seizures within a 24-h period.
Berendt M, Farquhar RG, Mandigers PJ, Pakozdy A, Bhatti SF, De Risio L, Fischer A, Long S, Matiasek K, Muñana K, Patterson EE, Penderis J, Platt S, Podell M, Potschka H, Pumarola MB, Rusbridge C, Stein VM, Tipold A, Volk HA. (2015) International veterinary epilepsy task force consensus report on epilepsy definition, classification and terminology in companion animals. BMC Vet Res. 2015 Aug 28
Berendt M., Gram L. (1999) Epilepsy and seizure classification in 63 dogs: a reappraisal of veterinary epilepsy terminology. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine 13(1), 14-20
Berg A. T., Berkovic S. F., Brodie M. J., Buchhalter J., Cross J. H., van Emde Boas W., Engel J., French J., Glauser T. A., Mathern G. W., Moshé S. L., Nordli D., Plouin P., Scheffer I. E. (2010) Revised terminology and concepts for organization of seizures and epilepsies: report of the ILAE Commission on Classification and Terminology, 2005-2009. Epilepsia 51(4), 676-85
Engel J. Jr. (2006) Report of the ILAE classification core group. Epilepsia 47(9), 1558-68